Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the central bank of India, established in 1935 by the Reserve Bank of India Act (1934). Originally privately owned, the RBI was nationalized in 1949. The bank is headquartered in Mumbai and maintains offices throughout the country.
The RBI formulates and implements the government’s monetary policy, issues bank notes and coins, manages the country’s international payments and its foreign-exchange market, acts as an investment bank for the central and state governments, and maintains the accounts of, and extends credit to, commercial banks.
A central board of directors headed by a governor oversees the bank. In addition, four local boards, headquartered in Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, and New Delhi, advise the central board on regional issues and represent the interests of regional banks. All members of the central and local boards are appointed by the government for terms of four years.
The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India's central banking institution, which controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee. It was established on 1 April 1935 during the British Raj in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The share capital was divided into shares of 100 each fully paid, which was entirely owned by private shareholders in the beginning. Following India's independence in 1947, the RBI was nationalised in the year 1949.
The RBI plays an important part in the development strategy of the Government of India. It is a member bank of the Asian Clearing Union. The general superintendence and direction of the RBI is entrusted with the 21-member- Central Board of Directors—the Governor (currently Raghuram Rajan), four Deputy Governors, two Finance Ministry representative, ten government-nominated directors to represent important elements from India's economy, and four directors to represent local boards headquartered at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and New Delhi. Each of these local boards consists of five members who represent regional interests, as well as the interests of co-operative and indigenous banks.
The bank is also active in promoting financial inclusion policy and is a leading member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion (AFI)